Typefaces & Fonts: What’s the Difference?
A lot of people are unaware of the difference between a typeface and a font. Typefaces have been around for thousands of years, whereas fonts are a relatively new technology.
A typeface is literally the face (visual aesthetic) of a group of letters or entire alphabet. What does it look like? Is it a serif? A sans serif? What do the A’s look like? What does the punctuation look like? How do the letters visually flow together? These are all the types of questions you would be asking yourself while taking on the task of designing a typeface.
A font is the software (typically an .otf or .ttf file) that allows typefaces to be installed and used on your computer. Post Script font files were only released in the 1980’s by Adobe, and TrueType and OpenType only in the 1990’s, so fonts are still a relatively new thing in the history of typography. Before fonts, everything had to be done by hand, by either handlettering or using moveable type.
Is the kerning or leading too tight? Are my ASCII codes all correct? Does every glyph work properly? These are the types of questions someone designing a font would be asking themselves.
It can get pretty confusing, but just remember that when you’re talking about a “typeface”, you’re talking about the visual design of an alphabet or group of letters. When you’re talking about a “font”, you’re talking about how well this typeface functions on a computer.
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